Marc Zakharovich Chagall ( 6 July 1887 – 28 March 1985) was a Russian-French artist. An early modernist, he was associated with several major artistic styles and created works in virtually every artistic medium, including painting, book illustrations, stained glass, stage sets, ceramic, tapestries and fine art prints.
Before World War I, Chagall travelled between St. Petersburg, Paris, and Berlin. During this period he created his own mixture and style of modern art based on his idea of Eastern European Jewish folk culture. He spent the wartime years in Soviet Belarus, becoming one of the country's most distinguished artists and a member of the modernist avant-garde, founding the Vitebsk Arts College before leaving again for Paris in 1922.
Chagall is famed for his extraordinary use of colour and his ability to convey striking images with a surprisingly limited palette. One of his major contributions to art is his work with stained glass. The medium allowed him further to express his desire to create intense colours and had the added benefit of natural light and refraction interacting and constantly changing.